The Gothic and the Ethnic Other: An Interview with Enrique Ajuria Ibarra




American Gothic, horror, Latin American Gothic, popular culture, interview


Enrique Ajuria Ibarra is a senior assistant professor and director of the PhD program in Creation and Culture Theory at the Universidad De Las Americas Puebla (Mexico) where he teaches courses on film, media, cultural studies, and literary theory. He specializes in visual culture, cinema studies, gothic and horror. He's the editor of the online journal Studies in Gothic Fiction published by the Cardiff University Press and he has published extensively on topics related to the Gothic, in particular focusing on transnational aspects and the Mexican context. Among his most recent publications there have been chapters in volumes such as 21st Century Gothic: An Edinburgh Companion (2019), Gothic Afterlives: Reincarnation of Horror in Film and Popular Media (2019), and Doubles and Hybrids in Latin American Gothic (2020).



Ajuria Ibarra, Enrique. “Ghosting the Nation: La Llorona, Popular Culture, and the Spectral Anxiety of Mexican Identity.” The Gothic and the Everyday: Living Gothic, edited by Lorna Piatti-Farnell and Maria Beville, Palgrave Macmillan, 2014, pp. 131–151.

—. “Gothic Re-Constructions: Mayan Ruins and Tourist Horror in The Ruins.” Tropical Gothic in Lit-erature and Culture: The Americas, edited by Justin D. Edwards and Sandra Guardini Vascon-celos, Routledge, 2016, pp. 119–135.

—. “Media, Shadows, and Spiritual Bindings: Tracing Mexican Gothic in Óscar Urrutia Lazo’s Rito terminal.” Latin American Gothic in Literature and Culture, edited by Sandra Casanova-Vizcaíno and Inés Ordiz, Routledge, 2018, pp. 189-201.

—. “Permanent Hauntings: Spectral Fantasies and National Trauma in Guillermo del Toro’s El es-pinazo del diablo [The Devil’s Backbone].” Journal of Romance Studies, vol. 12, no. 1, 2012, pp. 56–71.

Armitt, Lucie. “The Gothic and Magical Realism.” The Cambridge Companion to the Modern Gothic, edited by Jerrold E. Hogle, Cambridge UP, 2014, pp. 224–239.

Baldick, Chris. “Introduction.” The Oxford Book of Gothic Tales. Edited by Chris Baldick, Oxford UP, 1992, pp. xi–xxiii.

Botting, Fred. Gothic. 2nd ed. Routledge, 2014.

Bradbury, Ray. “The Next in Line.” The October Country: Stories. Del Rey, 1955, pp. 18–57.

Carpentier, Alejo. “On the Marvelous Real in America.” Magical Realism: Theory, History, Communi-ty, edited by Lois Parkinson Zamora and Wendy B. Faris, Duke UP, 1995, pp. 75–88.

Dalton, David S. Mestizo Modernity: Race, Technology, and the Body in Postrevolutionary Mexico. U of Florida P, 2018.

Díaz, Junot. The Brief Wondrous Life of Oscar Wao. Riverhead Books, 2007.

King, Stephen. The Shining. BCA, 1977.

Laplanche, Jean, and Jean-Bertrand Pontalis. “Fantasy and the Origins of Sexuality.” Formations of Fantasy, edited by Victor Burgin, James Donald, and Cora Kaplan, Methuen & Co., 1986, pp. 5–34.

Lewis, Matthew. The Monk. 1796. Oxford UP, 1998.

McCarthy, Cormac. Blood Meridian. Vintage, 1985.

Parkinson Zamora, Lois, and Wendy B. Faris. “Introduction: Daiquiri Birds and Flaubertian Par-rot(ie)s.” Magical Realism: Theory, History, Community, edited by Lois Parkinson Zamora and Wendy B. Faris, Duke UP, 1995, pp. 1–11.

Radcliffe, Ann. The Mysteries of Udolpho. 1794. Oxford UP, 1998.

—. The Romance of the Forest.1791. Oxford UP, 1999.

Rulfo, Juan. Pedro Páramo. 1955. Cátedra, 2004.

Shelley, Mary. Frankenstein. 1818 Text. Oxford UP, 1998.

Stoker, Bram. Dracula. 1897. Oxford UP, 1998.

Todorov, Tzvetan. The Fantastic: A Structural Approach to a Literary Genre. Translated by Richard Howard, Cornell UP, 1975.

Films and TV series

Belzebuth. Directed by Emilio Portes, Videocine, 2017.

Borderland. Directed by Zev Berman, After Dark Films and Lionsgate, 2007.

Crimson Peak. Directed by Guillermo del Toro, Universal Pictures, 2015.

Cronos. Directed by Guillermo del Toro, Prime Films S. L. and October Films, 1993.

The Devil’s Backbone. Directed by Guillermo del Toro, Warner Sogefilms A. I. E., 2001.

From Dusk till Dawn. Directed by Robert Rodriguez, Miramax Films, 1996.

Hellboy. Directed by Guillermo del Toro, Sony Pictures Releasing, 2004.

Jeepers Creepers. Directed by Victor Salva, United Artists and MGM Distribution Co., 2001.

Kilometer 31. Directed by Rigoberto Castañeda, Lemon Films, 2007.

“La Llorona.” Grimm, written by Akela Cooper, directed by Holly Dale, NBC Universal Television Distribution, 2012.

Pan’s Labyrinth. Directed by Guillermo del Toro, Warner Bros. Pictures, 2006.

“Pilot.” Supernatural, written by Eric Kripke, directed by David Nutter, Warner Bros. Television Distribution, 2005.

Rito terminal. Directed by Óscar Urrutia Lazo, FOPROCINE, 2000.

The Ruins. Directed by Carter Smith, Paramount Pictures, 2008.

The Shape of Water. Directed by Guillermo del Toro, Fox Searchlight Pictures, 2017.

Vampires. Directed by John Carpenter, Sony Pictures Releasing and Summit Entertainment, 1998.




How to Cite

Marini, A. M. ., & Ajuria Ibarra , E. (2022). The Gothic and the Ethnic Other: An Interview with Enrique Ajuria Ibarra. REDEN. Revista Española De Estudios Norteamericanos, 3(2), 175-189.